Hydro Power Niagara Falls – one of the biggest hydroelectric power plants in the world

Apart from being a major tourist destination, the Niagara River is also one of the main sources of electricity for the region. With a rich history, Hydro Power – Niagara Falls is both a source of hydroelectric power and a tourist destination.

The history of hydroelectric power plants on the Niagara River dates back to 1893. On the Canadian coast, above Horseshoe Falls, a small power plant was built producing only 2,200 kilowatts. Subsequently, two larger power plants were built – Sir Adam Beck Niagara Generating Station 1 (built in 1917) and 2 (1950).

A few years later, in 1961, the Robert Moses Hydro Electric Plant opened doors on the American coast. It is located between Niagara Falls and Lewiston, New York.

With 13 generators, the factory was created to replace another, old one, which was destroyed in 1956. The name Robert Moses was chosen because of the head of the New York Power Authority and city planner. The NYPA owns the plant.

It was renovated in 2006.

The Lewiston Pump-Generating Plant is of great importance for the operation of the Robert Moses Power Station. It is designed not only to control the flow, but also to store a huge amount of water (in a tank with a volume of 83 million cubic meters). This water is released and passes through tunnels along the Niagara River to reach the hydroelectric plant.

Most of the work of the pumps is done at night. This is because they can pump more water without harming the appearance of the waterfalls, and the need of electricity for consumption during the day is less.

Together the Lewiston Plant and the Robert Moses Hydro Electric Plant create 2.6 million kilowatts electric power.

The Lewiston Plant passes through a huge renovation from 2012 to 2020 that costs $460 million.

Niagara Power Visitors Center was established to acquaint tourists with the operation of hydroelectric power plants and their history. The center is located 4 miles from the waterfalls.

The length of the Niagara River is only 56 km, but its waters supply some of the largest energy sources in the world on both its shores.

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