Horseshoe Falls aka Canadian Falls
Every year, the Canadian coast of Niagara Falls attracts millions of tourists. They are all interested in the impressive views of the three waterfalls – Bridal Veil Falls, American Falls, and Horseshoe Falls. Niagara Falls is used as a collective name for all three. Horseshoe Falls is the largest of them.
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Where Horseshoe Falls is located?
Horseshoe Falls is located on the exact border between Canada and America and even a small part of it (about 10%) is in the American part.
The waterfall stretches from Table Rock to Goat Island, which separates it from Bridal Veil Falls with curving 3,000-foot (900-metre) long and is 57 meters/187 foot high. From this the name of the waterfall comes from its shape, resembling the hoof of a horse. The other name by which it is often called is the Canadian Falls. It is the most distinctive feature when it comes to the appearance of Niagara.
Although it is not the world’s largest waterfall (with its 790 meters in length), Horseshoe Falls is among the top in terms of volume of water flowing – more than 2,271,240 liters of water per second. In fact, the mainstream of Niagara Falls passes through it.
The flow of Horseshow Falls comes from the Niagara River. The river became a border point between the United States and Canada in 1819 after the signing of the Treaty of Ghent. This agreement separates the three waterfalls, and American and Bridal Veil Falls stay entirely in the United States, and Horseshoe Falls is almost entirely in Canada. After the 1980 United States Army Corps of Engineers built diversion dams to displace the water at Terrapin Point and reduce its erosion force there, virtually 120 meters of the waterfall were obliterated.
The erosion of water, regardless of human activity, is inevitable and in the future, it will contribute to the appearance of the waterfall. It plays a major role both in the formation of waterfalls and in the slow change in rock masses and riverbeds. It is even believed that after 23,000 years it is possible for the waterfalls to disappear.
The Canadian side of the waterfalls is more preferred by tourists. Of course, this does not mean that the calmer and quieter American country has nothing to offer. This is because most attractions and hotels are concentrated around the Canadian coast.
There are a number of places from which you can enjoy the beautiful view of the Horseshoe Falls – Queen Victoria Park, Rainbow Bridge, Table Rock Welcome Center. Attractions such as Journey Behind the Falls and Hornblower Niagara Cruises allow you to see the waterfall from different points of view – the first behind the water table itself, passing through tunnels in the rocks, and the second right next to the waterfall, on the Niagara River, feeling water splashes on you face.
Near the Horseshoe Falls aka Canadian Falls, you can visit attractions such as Nikola Tesla Monument, the Floral Showhouse, Niagara Skywheel, and many others. You can also enjoy a nice lunch or dinner overlooking the waterfall, and why not a picnic among the ridges in Niagara Park. There are also high-ranking hotels nearby.
Exactly this view is a favorite for wedding photo shoots and ceremonies. In addition, Horseshoe Falls is known as one of the most challenging places for daredevils in the world. In 1901, Annie Edson Taylor descended the waterfall closed in a barrel. Fortunately, she survived with minor injuries.
Near Horseshoe Falls, for the convenience of tourists, there are parking lots in Niagara Park with four separate areas. If you travel by RVs or bus, you can leave them at Parking lot 3, which is in the east end of Goat Island close to the Three Sisters Islands. The other 3 lots are suitable for cars and are located at Prospect Point, near the entrance to the Cave of the Winds, and at the Niagara Gorge Discovery Center.
Interestingly, the deepest point on the Niagara River is just below Horseshoe Falls. The depth there reaches 51 meters, which is almost equal to the height of the waterfall itself.
As the largest of the three waterfalls, The Horseshoe Falls is also the most iconic and attracts the largest number of tourists. The impressive picture is captured in more than one or two photos, and the area offers a number of attractions, recreation areas, restaurants, and hotels.
Volume of water: 600,000 U.S. gallons / 2,271,247 liters per second
- The Estimated Crestline is 670 meters wide
- The depth of the river at the base of the Falls is 56 meters (184 ft).
- The depth of the Niagara River is lower than the depth of the Falls.
- The upper part of the Niagara River is 35 km from Lake Erie.
- The estimated flow rate for Horseshoe Falls is 168,000 cubic meters.
- The western channel is known as the Canadian or Chippawa Channel (17.7 km long and 610 to 1220 m wide)
- The Niagara River flows approximately 35 miles per hour (56.3 kilometers per hour)
- Many couples choose to marry against the backdrop of the Horseshoe Falls.
- The Canadian side of the Falls was first called “horseshoe” in 1721.
- The length of the Niagara River is 58 km
- The Niagara River is divided into two-the West Channel and the East Channel.
- The eastern canal is known as the American or Tonawandan Canal (24 km long and 460 to 610 m wide) carries only 40 % of the total flow of the river.
- A lot of daredevils have tried different stunts over the Horseshoe Falls. 63-year-old school teacher Annie Edson Taylor was the first to attempt to cross the flowing waters of a barrel of water, and she survived.
- Fish swim all the time over the falls!